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Fitosociologia numero 44 (2) S1

pag. 49-55: La Rete Natura 2000 in Italia: un patrimonio di biodiversità da gestire/conservare e monitorare

A. La Posta, E. Duprè, A.M. Maggiore & N. Tartaglini 

Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare - Direzione per la Protezione della Natura; e-mail: laposta.alessandro@minambiente.it; dupre.eugenio@minambiente.it; maggiore.annamaria@minambiente.it; tartaglini.nicoletta@minambiente.it

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abstract

Natura 2000 Network in Italy: monitoring and management for biodiversity conservation. The Italian Natura 2000 network includes 2283 Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and 589 Special Protection Areas (SPA), covering about 20% of the country, divided into the three biogeographical regions Alpine, Continental and Mediterranean. The Italian contribution to the conservation of the 130 habitats types belonging to the nine natural and semi-natural habitat categories (annex I Directive 92/43/EEC “Habitat”) is presented: within these categories the most represented are forest and grasslands. The aim to achieve and to maintain a Favourable Conservation Status (FCS) for habitat end species of community interest is a priority objective of the EU and Italy, as set out by the Habitat Directive and in order to meet the Global 2010 Target “halt Biodiversity Loss within 2010” (European Council, Convention on Biological Diversity - CBD). Therefore the recent Ministerial Decree on minimal uniform criteria to define conservation measures for Special Areas Conservation (SAC) and Special Protection Areas (SPA) is crucial for local authorities involved in the management of Natura 2000 sites. Referring to the management and monitoring of Natura 2000 sites, the support of botanical studies will have a crucial role in the next future, in order to reach an agreed interpretation guide of the habitats of community interest and to define a FCS for the habitats and species of community interest.

keywords

biodiversity, Birds Directive, Favourable Conservation Status, habitat and species of community interest, Habitat Directive, Natura 2000 network, Target 2010.