Valsorda, Gualdo Tadino - Viola eugeniae Parl.
L. Gianguzzi & A. La Mantia
1Dipartimento di Scienze Botaniche, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Via Archirafi 38, I-90123 Palermo;e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2Via Giotto 64, I-90145 Palermo; e-mail: email@example.com
Vegetation and plant landscape of “Mount Cofano” Natural Reserve (W Sicily). It is here presented the results of a study of the phytosociological and plant landscape of Mount Cofano Natural Reserve (Custonaci, Trapani) together with a cartographic representation to a scale of 1:10000 (reduced to a scale of 1:20000). The studied area is localised along the western side of Sicily island and it is spread out for 537,5 ha, dominated by Mt. Cofano rocky promontory (659 mts.), regarded as one of the most interesting biotopes of the regional territory linked to its floristic, zoological and environmental features. From a geolithological point of view, the area is characterized by carbonathic substrata relative to Monte Sparacio-Monte Cofano and Monte Speziale-Monte Palatimone Units. Bioclastic calcarenites and conglomerates of arenitic type are present at the borders of the area. The most diffused pedological soil associations are lithosols (Lithic Xerorthents), rock outcrop (Rock Outcrop), “Terre rosse mediteranee” (Lithic Rhodoxeralfs) and “Suoli bruni” (Typic Xerochrepts). From a bioclimatic point of view, the whole territory is included in the (lower) thermomediterranean upper dry belt, but the northern part of Mt. Cofano, above 450 mts. altitude, is to be referred to the (lower) mesomediterranean upper suhumid belt.
NW Sicily, “Mount Cofano” Natural Reserve, plant landscape, phytosociology, vegetation series