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Plant Sociology 50 (2) 2013

pag. 5-37: The vegetation of the Maddalena Mountains (Southern Italy)

S. Fascetti1, G. Pirone2, L. Rosati1

1School of Agriculture, Forestry, Food and Environment, University of Basilicata, Viale dell'Ateneo Lucano 10 - I-85100, Potenza, Italy
2Department of Environmental Science, University of L'Aquila, Piazzale Salvatore Tommasi 1 - I-67100, Coppito (AQ), Italy

doi: 10.7338/pls2013502/01

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abstract

Using the data contained in the Lucanian Vegetation Database, the focus of our paper is the vegetation classification of the Maddalena mountains, a calcareous range not previously surveyed, placed between the Basilicata and Southern Campania regions. By using multivariate and phytosociological analyses we detected the presence of seven types of broad leaved forests: four of these (Anemono apenninae-Fagetum sylvaticae, Aro lucani-Aceretum lobelii, Physospermo verticillati-Quercetum cerridis, Seslerio autumnalis-Aceretum obtusati) are formerly associated with the Southern Apennines, meanwhile three are herein described as new associations (Aceri neapolitani-Quercetum virgilianae, Roso spinosissimae-Quercetum dalechampii, Geranio versicoloris-Populetum tremulae). Shrublands are referred to Cytision sessilifolii and Pruno-Rubion (Rhamno-Prunetea) and a new association is described (Roso squarrosae-Rubetum ulmifolii). Dry grasslands (Anthemido creticae-Stipetum austroitalicae) belonging to Festuco-Brometea (Phleo-Bromion) and garrigues (Onosmo lucanae-Lomelosietum crenatae) of Cisto-Micromerietea (Cisto-Ericion) are also described as new syntaxa.

keywords

Appennino Lucano National Park, Basilicata Region, phytosociology, vegetation classification