In activities for conservation of biodiversity and habitats fungi were usually disregarded in spite of their great ecological role. Thanks to the IPA program, a target of the European and Global strategies for Plant Conservation, also the so called lower plants are included and this improve the position of fungi in the complex of nature conservation programs.
The ECCF (European Council for the Conservation of Fungi), founded in 1985, aims to promote the attention for the conservation of Fungi to all governmental bodies and non-governmental organisations and stimulate the publication of national and regional Lists of threatened fungi. The publication of Red Lists is one of the basic activities to support the conservation strategies and allows the application of Criterion A, among the IPA selection criteria. In spite of the fundamental work of ECCF, only a third of European countries has a Red List of fungi.
In Tuscany first attempts to apply the IPA criteria to the <i>Regnum Fungi</i> dates back to the first years of the new millennium; the publication of a Tuscan Red List and participation at the national IPA project have been fundamental.
In this work the IPA criteria, are analyzed from a mycological point of view and utilized to select the “Montagnola Senese” as important plant/fungus area.