Parco Naturale Regionale Bosco Incoronata - Ferula communis L. subsp. communis
Dip. BES. Univ. Bologna,via Irnerio 42, 40126 Bologna, email@example.com
The rhythms of growth, flowering and fruiting of plant communities (symphenological patterns) are conditioned by synchronizing and asynchronizing factors. Phenological behaviours of species can be categorized into types and their synchrony or asynchrony (diversity) can be evaluated by numerical methods. Moreover, the phenological traits of a phytocoenosis can be compared and related with other features and criteria of classification. Each phytocoenosis has a typical symphenological pattern that is subject to variations (anomalies) depending on the weather and also on the stress and disturbance level: pheno-anomalies can lead to variations in the fitness of some species and possibly to the loss of biodiversity.
Symphenology, phenological types, diversity, pheno-anomalies, synchrony