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Fitosociologia numero 47 (2)

pag. 17-55: La vegetazione forestale dei Monti Alburni, nel Parco Nazionale del Cilento e Vallo di Diano (Campania): analisi fitosociologica e significato fitogeografico

L. Rosati1, G. Filibeck2, A. De Lorenzis3, El. Lattanzi3, F. Surbera3, S. Fascetti1 & C. Blasi3

1Dipartimento di Biologia, Difesa e Biotecnologie Agro-forestali, Università degli Studi della Basilicata, Viale dell’Ateneo Lucano 10, 85100 Potenza, Italia; e-mail: leonardo.rosati@unibas.it; simonetta.fascetti@unibas.it

2Dipartimento di Ecologia e Sviluppo Economico Sostenibile, Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Largo dell’Università s.n.c., 01100 Viterbo, Italia; e-mail: filibeck@unitus.it (autore per corrispondenza)

3Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Università degli Studi La Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Roma, Italia; e-mail: carlo.blasi@uniroma1.it

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The forest vegetation of the Alburni Mts. (Cilento N. P., Campania, Southern Italy): syntaxonomy and phytogeography. This paper presents a phytosociological study of the forest vegetation of Monti Alburni, a limestone mountain range included in the Cilento National Park (Campania, southern Italy). The maximum elevation of the study area is 1,742 m. The study area shows a high proportion of forest-covered land, and a low pressure from human settlements. Fagus sylvatica woods are the most common land-cover-type; from the syntaxonomical point of view, they belong to Anemono apenninae-Fagetum (southern Italian thermophilous beech forests), although the relevés from the higher belt may be included in Ranunculo brutii-Fagetum (=Campanulo trichocalycinae-Fagetum, southern Italian beech forests of higher altitudes); both associations belong to the S-Italian/S-Balkanic alliance Geranio versicoloris-Fagion. Other common forest types of the Alburni landscape include: Quercus cerris forests (Lathyro digitati-Quercetum cerris of Teucrio siculi-Quercion cerridis); Ostrya carpinifolia woods (Seslerio autumnalis-Aceretum obtusati of Carpinion orientalis); and Castanea sativa coppice woods (partly belonging to Teucrio siculi-Quercion cerridis and partly to Geranio versicoloris-Fagion). Some more forest types do exist in the study area, although with limited extension: Quercus ilex woods, partly akin to Festuco exaltatae-Quercetum ilicis and partly assigned to a new association here described (Melitto albidae-Quercetum ilicis), a Campanian vicariant of the C-Italian montane mesophilous holm-oak woods (both associations belong to Fraxino orni-Quercion ilicis); Quercus virgiliana woods, assigned to a new association, Pyro pyrastri-Quercetum virgilianae; Carpinus orientalis woods, referred to a facies of the Ostrya-woods; Populus tremula successional woods, assigned to the new association Holco-Populetum tremulae; other secondary woods are dominated by Pyrus pyraster and Acer campestre, and the new association Geranio versicoloris-Pyretum pyrastri is here described; finally, fragments of Alnus cordata woods exist in abandoned fields, syntaxonomically incertae sedis. Many of the studied forest types show a high environmental quality and host rare or endangered species. The finding of some important species that are new for the area is presented (Campanula trichocalycina, Corallorhiza trifida, Epipactis cfr. purpurata). The phytogeographical position of the Alburni range is also discussed, based on the chorological significance of the forest flora found in the relevés and of the forest syntaxa found in the study area: the Alburni Mts. clearly belong to a Southern Thyrrenian phytogeographical unit, although they might be near to the border with a C-Thyrrenian unit. 


Carpinion orientalis, floristic regions, Fraxino orni-Quercion ilicis, Geranio versicoloris-Fagion sylvaticae, Teucrio siculi-Quercion cerridis, vegetation classification