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Fitosociologia numero 42 (2)

pag. 33-65: La vegetazione forestale della Regione Temperata del “Flysch del Cilento” (Italia meridionale)

L. Rosati , R. Di Pietro & C. Blasi

Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, P.le A. Moro 5, I-00185 Roma; e-mail: carlo.blasi@uniroma1.it

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abstract

The woodlands of Flysch substrates in Cilento National Park (Campania region, southern Italy). 217 relevés were performed using the phytosociological approach of Braun-Blanquet. Phytosociological data were further treated with multivariate analysis procedures. Eight woodland types belonging to Fagetalia sylvaticae (4), Quercetalia pubescenti-petraeae (3) and Populetalia (1) were identified and characterized synecologically and syntaxonomically. The microthermic beech woodlands occurring in the upper supra-temperate belt were referred to Ranunculo brutii-Fagetum while the beech woodlands of the lower supratemperate belt were placed in Anemono-Fagetum. Alnus cordata woodland communities interposed between the beech and the oak woodland belts were referred to Asperulo-Alnetum cordatae. Quercus cerris woodlands occurring within the lower supratemperate belt and ranging between 800 and 1000 m a.s.l. were described as a new association of Geranio-Fagion alliance named Thalictro aquilegifolii-Quercetum cerridis ass. nova. As far as oak woodlands are concerned, the termophilous Quercus cerris woodlands of the hilly and sub-montane belts were considered as a new subassociation of Lathyro digitati-Quercetum cerridis named festucetosum exaltatae whereas Quercus frainetto woodlands mainly developed on sandy substrates were referred to Echinopo siculi-Quercetum frainetto. Both these associations are to be included in Teucrio siculi-Quercion cerridis alliance and in Ptilostemo-Quercenion cerridis suballiance, as well as the chestnuts coppiced woodland communities. Finally Alnus glutinosa woodlands were referred to Euphorbio-Alnetum glutinosae.

keywords

Alnion incanae, Campania, Cilento National Park, Geranio versicoloris-Fagion sylvaticae, syntaxonomy, Teucrio siculi-Quercion cerridis